Conicare

Information taken from a variety of official documents

Research: Noreen Shiel, Abbey Heritage

Conicare Townland

Conicar, Cuiniceir, burrow.

Conicar is a townland in the civil parish of Ballinakilll, in the barony of Leitrim and in the county of Galway.  It is a small townland all under cultivation bounded on the north east by a small river which separates it from the parish of Teena. There is nothing remarkable in the townland. It is situated in the north east end of this parish of Ballynakill (sic) about 4 miles north, north east of Woodford .

According to O’Donovan’s Field Name Books (1838) the standard name for the townland is Conicair and its Irish form is Cuiniceir.  The translation of the name is given as “burrow”.  In addition to this, the townland name has had various spellings assigned to it over time.  They include the following: Conicair; Cuinicéir; Cunnakair By Sketch Map and Cunnakair in Hyath Clarke, Esq.  The current spelling of the town land is Conicare.

The Down Survey Map 1641 (pre Cromwell) states that the owner of Conicair was Earl Clanrickard (Protestant).  The Down Survey Map 1670 (post Cromwell) shows that the owner remained the same.

Tithe Applotment 1834

The Tithe Applotment Books were compiled between 1823 and 1837 in order to determine the amount which occupiers of agricultural holdings over one acre should pay in tithes to the Church of Ireland. The land was measured in Irish acres or plantation acres at the time and this equated to 1.6198 English acres.

The tithe applotment for the townland of Conicare was undertaken in 1834. It states that the townland of Conicare was in the parish of Ballinakill and in the Diocese of Clonfert and Kilmacduagh.

There was one proprietor in the townland at this time, namely Lord Riverston.

According to the Tithe Applotment Books he held 75 acres 3 roods and 0 perches of land which was occupied by 8 named tenants. The following is an account of the tenants’ landholdings, the value of their acres, the amount of composition of the tithe and how this was dispersed among the church hierarchy:

John Joynt held 8 acres 1 rood and 10 perches of land that was valued at 18 shillings per Irish acre and had a total valuation of £7 8s 6d. He paid 4s 5d of a tithe tax. The Bishop got 6¾ pence and the Vicar received 2s 9d which was a total of 3s 3¾d.

Lauc Costelloe held 7 acres 0 rood and 0 perches of land that was valued at 18 shillings per Irish acre and had a total valuation of £6 6s 0d. He paid 3s 9½d of a tithe tax. The Bishop got 5¾ pence and the Vicar received 2s 4½d which was a total of 2s 10¼d.

Jas Joynt held 3 acres 2rood and 0 perches of land that was valued at 18 shillings per Irish acre and had a total valuation of £3 3s 0d. He paid 1s 10¾d of a tithe tax. The Bishop got 2¾ pence and the Vicar received 1s 4½d which was a total of 1s 5d.

Pat Mullony held 14 acres 0 rood and 0 perches of land that was valued at 18 shillings per Irish acre and had a total valuation of £12 12s 0d. He paid 7s 6d of a tithe tax. The Bishop got 11¼ pence and the Vicar received 4s 8¼d which was a total of 5s 7½d.

Jas  [James] Donelly held 7 acres 0 rood and 0 perches of land that was valued at 18 shillings per Irish acre and had a total valuation of £6 6s 0d. He paid 3s 9½d of a tithe tax. The Bishop got 5¾ pence and the Vicar received 2s 4½d which was a total of 2s 10¼d.

Matw  [Matthew] Broderick held 15 acres 0 rood and  0 perches of land that was valued at 18 shillings per Irish acre and had a total valuation of £13 10s 0d. He paid 8s 1½d of a tithe tax. The Bishop got 1s ¼d pence and the Vicar received 5s 0¾d which was a total of 6s 1d.

Daniel Donnelly held 7 acres 0 rood and 0 perches of land that was valued at 18 shillings per Irish acre and had a total valuation of £6 6s 0d. He paid 3s 9½d of a tithe tax. The Bishop got 5¾ pence and the Vicar received 2s 4½d which was a total of 2s 10¼d.

Thos  Heageny held 14 acres 0 rood and 0 perches of land that was valued at 18 shillings per Irish acre and had a total valuation of £12 12s 0d. He paid 7s 6d of a tithe tax. The Bishop got 11¼ pence and the Vicar received 4s 8¼d which was a total of 5s 7½d.

Census 1841 – 1851

There are no records for this townland.

1851 Old Age Pension Census Search forms

There are no old age census search forms available for Conicar.

Griffith’s Valuation

According to Griffith’s valuation of the year 1855 there was a total acreage of 125 acres, 9 roods and 32 perches in the townland of Conicare. The immediate leaser is Anthony Nugent and the occupiers are Richard Joynt, Patrick Mullowney, Mary Donnelly, Matthew Broderick and Thomas Hayden and all of them paid for a house, offices and land. The land is valued at £61 and the buildings are valued at £3 10s 0d and the total valuation of rateable property is £64 10s 0d. Richard Joynt paid a total annual rateable valuation of £10 0s 0d.  Patrick Mullowney paid a total annual rateable valuation of £15 5s 0d and Mary Donnelly paid a total annual rateable valuation of £10 0s 0d.  Matthew Broderick and Thomas Hayden paid a total annual rateable valuation of £14 10s 0d and £14 15s 0d, respectively.

Census 1901

There were six inhabited houses at the time of the 1901 census with 37 inhabitants. There were 22 males and 15 females and all were Roman Catholics.  The head of the households were Pat Cosgrave, Matthew Broderick, Michael Finnegan, Bridget Moloney, Thomas Joynt and John Lyons.  All apart from one resident, born in Co Clare, were born in Co Galway.  The B1 Form shows that all of the houses were private dwellings.  All of the walls were built from permanent materials but only the roof of one house was made from a permanent material.  There were 28 outhouses but there was no B2 Form available to itemise them.  The Census Forms were all collected on 4th April, 1901.

Pat Cosgrave was 55 years of age and lived with his wife, Margaret who was 50 years old and his daughters, Mary Jane who was 23 years old, Ellie who was 11 years old, 21 year old Sarah and his son Joseph who was 20 years old.  All of the family, apart from Sarah, could read and write.  Pat and Margaret spoke both Irish and English.  Pat was a farmer and there was no occupation listed for Margaret.  Mary Jane and Sarah are listed as farmer’s daughters, Joseph was listed as farmer’s son and Ellie was a scholar. None of the adult children were married.  Patrick Cosgrave’s house had 3 front windows and it was listed as a second class house with 3 rooms.  Pat owned the holding on which the house was built and he had 4 outhouses but there is no B2 form to itemise them.

Matthew Broderick was 50 years old and he lived with his 50 year old wife, Sarah and his 60 year old brother, Michal (sic).  Matthew was a farmer but there is no occupation listed for the other residents.  All three of them could read and write.  Matthew’s brother, Michal was not married.  Sarah was the only resident in Conicare born outside Co Galway.  She was born in Co Clare.  Matthew Broderick’s house had 2 front windows and it was listed as a second class house with 7 rooms.  Matthew owned the holding on which the house was built and he had 6 outhouses but there is no B2 form to itemise them.

Michael Finnigan was 40 years of age and he lived with his 35 year old wife, Anne and his children: Patrick who was 9 years old, John who was 8 years old, Annie who was 5 years old and 2 year old Michael.  His nephew John Joe Finnegan who was 22 years old was also resident with them.  Michael was a farmer and his nephew, John Joe was a general labourer.  Patrick, John and Annie were scholars.  Michael and Anne were unable to read.  Patrick and John could read and write.  Annie and John Joe could read only.  John Joe was single.  Michael Finnegan’s house was the only house in Conicare to have a permanent roof at the time the census was taken.  It had 5 front windows and it was listed as a second class house with 7 rooms.  Michael owned the holding on which the house was built and he had 6 outhouses but there is no B2 form to itemise them.

Bridget Moloney was 60 years of age and a farmeress (sic).  She was a widow and she lived with her children: M Anne, who was 24 years old, Patrick who was 22 years old, Jerome who was 20 years of age, Tom who was 18 years old, Teresa who was 15 years old, Eliza who was 13 years old and Jm Denis who was 11 years old.  M Anne was listed as a farmer and Patrick, Jerome and Tom were farmer’s sons.  Teresa, Eliza and Jm Denis were all scholars.  All the residents can read and write and speak English only. Bridget Moloney’s house had 3 front windows and it was listed as a second class house with 7 rooms.  Bridget was the landowner on whose holding the house was situated. She had 6 outhouses but there is no B2 form to itemise them.

Thomas Joynt was a 61 old widower whose occupation was listed as farmer.  He lived with his children: Michael who was 34 year old, James who was 32 years old, Ellen who was 26 years old, Anne who was 24 years of age, Catherine who was 20 years old, Thomas who was 21 years of age, Richard who was 18 years old, 16 year old Charles and 14 year old Patrick.  All members of the family could read and write.  None of the adult children were married when the 1901 Census was taken and their occupations are listed as farmer’s son or daughter.  The younger two, Charles and Patrick are both listed as scholars.  Thomas Joynt’s house had 2 front windows and it was listed as a third class house with 3 rooms.  Thomas was the landowner on whose holding the house was situated.  He had 5 outhouses but there is no B2 form to itemise them.

John Lyons was a 60 year old herd.  He lived with his wife Margaret who was 65 years old and his 55 year old brother, Patrick.  John could read, Margaret was unable to read and Patrick could read and write.  Patrick was a general labourer and was not married. John’s house had 1 front window and it was listed as a third class house with 1 room. John had 1 outhouse but there is no B2 form to identify its purpose.  Lord Westmeath or Thomas Joynt was the landowner on whose holding the house was situated.

Census 1911

There were six inhabited houses at the time of the 1911 census with 39 inhabitants. Form N shows that there were 23 males and 16 females and all were Roman Catholics.  All of the residents were born in Co Galway apart from one resident born in Co Clare.  The heads of the households were Bridget Moloney, Patrick Cosgrove, John Donnelly, Michael Finnegan, Thomas Joynt and Patrick Geraghty.  The B1 Form shows that all the houses were built as private dwellings and were all inhabited.  They all had walls constructed from permanent materials and all apart from 2 houses had roofs built of perishable materials.  The B2 Form reveals that there were a total of 38 outhouses consisting of 5 stables, 6 cow houses, 4 calf houses, 5 piggeries, 5 fowl houses, 5 barns, 1 potato house, 1 workshop and 6 sheds.  The census forms were all collected on 9th April, 1911.

Bridget Moloney was 67 years of age and she was a farmer.  She was a widow and she lived with her children: Mary Ann who was 37 years old, Patrick who was 34 years old, Jerome who was 32 years of age, Thomas who was 30 years old, John who was 24 years old and Elizabeth who was 22 years old.  Mary Tuohy, a 70 year old boarder, was also resident on the night the census was taken.  Patrick, Jerome, Thomas and John were all listed as farmer’s sons.  There is no occupation listed for Mary Ann, Elizabeth or Mary Tuohy.  All the residents can read and write apart from Bridget.  All the residents are single.  Bridget Moloney’s house had 3 front windows and it was listed as a second class house with 7 rooms.  Bridget was the landowner on whose holding the house was situated.  She had 8 outhouses namely, 1 stable, 1 cow house, 1 calf house, 1 piggery, 1 fowl house, 1 barn, 1 workshop and 1 shed.

Pat Cosgrove was 70 years of age and lived with his wife, Margaret who was 70 years old and his daughter Sarah who was 32 years old and his son Joseph who was 30 years old.  Pat and Margaret were married for 36 years and had 6 children, all of whom were living when the 1911 census was taken.  All of the family could read and write apart from Sarah.  Pat, Margaret and Joe spoke both Irish and English.  Pat and Margaret were farmers and there was no occupation listed for Sarah or Joe.  Sarah and Joe were both single.  Pat Cosgrove’s house had 3 front windows and it was listed as a second class house with 4 rooms.  Pat owned the holding on which the house was built and he had 7 outhouses consisting of 1 stable, 1 cow house, 1 calf house, 1 piggery, 1 fowl house, 1 barn and 1 shed.

John Donnelly was a 36 year old farmer and he lived with his wife Katie who was 28 years old, his brother Connor who was 24 years of age, his children Cornelius who was 2 years old and one year old Mary Jane.  Also residing with John was 70 year old Matthew Broderick along with Matthew’s wife Sarah who was 67 years old and Michael Broderick who was the 75 year old brother of Matthew.  John and Katie had been married for three years and they had two children both of whom were living at the time of the 1911 Census.  Matthew and Sarah Broderick were married for 35 years at the time of the Census and there are no children listed for them.  All the occupants apart from Sarah Broderick were born in Co Galway.  Sarah was born in Co Clare.  All the adult occupants could read and write and spoke English only.  Connor Donnelly and Michael Broderick were both single.  John Donnelly’s house had 2 front windows and it was listed as a second class house with 7 rooms.  John himself owned the holding on which the house was built and he had 7 outhouses that included 1 stable, 1 cow house, 1 calf house, 1 piggery, 1 fowl house, 1 barn and 1 shed.

Michael Finnegan was 58 years of age and a farmer.  He lived with his wife Anne who was 43 years old and his children, Patrick who was 19 years old, John who was 18 years old, Anne who was 14 years of age, Michael who was 11 years of age, Edward who was 9 years old, Mary who was 6 years old and 3 year old B Ellen.  Michael and Anne were married for 20 years at the time of the 1911 Census and had 8 children, 7 of whom were living.  Patrick was a labourer, John is listed as a farm servant while Anne, Michael, Edward and Mary are scholars.  Michael, the head of the household cannot read and his wife Anne and children, Patrick, John and Anne can read only.  His children Michael, Edward and Mary can read and write.  All the children are unmarried. Michael Finnegan’s house was of permanent material and the roof was also of a permanent material like slate, tiles, etc.  There were 5 front windows and it was listed as a second class house with 7 rooms.  Michael Finnegan owned the holding on which the house was built and he had 6 outhouses that consisted of 1 stable, 1 cow house, 1 piggery, 1 fowl house, 1 barn and 1 shed.

Thomas Joynt was 73 years of age and a farmer.  A widower he lived with his children: Michael who was 43 years of age, James who was 42 years old, Richard who was 30 years old, Patrick who was 24 years old, Agnes who was 28 years old, Catherine who was 26 years old and his 15 year old granddaughter, Mary Agnes.  All the occupants could read and write.  Michael, James, Richard and Patrick are all listed as farmers. Agnes was listed as a dressmaker, Catherine was a house keeper and Mary Agnes was a scholar.  Thomas Joynt’s house had walls built of permanent material and the roof was also of a permanent material such as slate, tiles etc.  There were 6 front windows and it was listed as a second class house with 5 rooms.  Thomas Joynt owned the land on which the house was built and he had 8 outhouses including 1 stable, 2 cow houses, 1 calf house, 1 piggery, 1 barn, 1 potato house and 1 shed.

Patrick Geraghty was a 35 year old married man who had retired from the Army and was a farmer.  It is not stated how long he was married for or if there were any children.  He lived with John Cavanagh who was a 24 year old lodger who was not married.  John’s occupation was listed as militiaman and labourer.  Patrick Geraghty’s house had no front windows and it was listed as a fourth class house with 1 room. Thomas Joynt was the landowner on whose holding the house was situated.  There were 2 outhouses that included 1 fowl house and 1 shed.

Conicare OS map

Ordnance Survey map of Conicare

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

This page was added on 15/04/2015.

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